17 and 18th century real scientists

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17 and 18th century real scientists

Post  Admin on Wed Nov 21, 2012 8:34 pm

William Paley (1743-1805), in his 1802 classic, Natural
Theology, summarized the viewpoint of the scientists.
Brief History of Evolutionary Theory
He argued that the kind of carefully designed structures
we see in the living world point clearly to a
Designer. If we see a watch, we know that it had a designer
and maker; it would be foolish to imagine that it
made itself. This is the “argument by design.” All about
us is the world of nature, and over our heads at night is a
universe of stars. We can ignore or ridicule what is there
or say it all made itself, but our scoffing does not change
the reality of the situation. A leading atheistic scientist of
our time, *Fred Hoyle, wrote that, although it was not difficult
to disprove Darwinism, what Paley had to say appeared
likely to be unanswerable (*Fred Hoyle and *Chandra
Wickramasinghe, Evolution from Space, 1981, p. 96).
It is a remarkable fact that the basis of evolutionary
theory was destroyed by seven scientific research
findings,—before *Charles Darwin first published the
Carl Linn (Carolus Linnaeus, 1707-1778) was a scientist
who classified immense numbers of living organisms.
An earnest creationist, he clearly saw that there were
no halfway species. All plant and animal species were
definite categories, separate from one another. Variation
was possible within a species, and there were many
sub-species. But there were no cross-overs from one species
to another (*R. Milner, Encyclopedia of Evolution,
1990, p. 276).
First Law of Thermodynamics (1847). Heinrich von
Helmholtz stated the law of conservation of energy: The
sum total of all matter will always remain the same. This
law refutes several aspects of evolutionary theory.
*Isaac Asimov calls it “the most fundamental generalization
about the universe that scientists have ever been able
to make” (*Isaac Asimov, “In the Game of Energy and
Thermodynamics You Can’t Even Break Even,” Journal
of Smithsonian Institute, June 1970, p. 6).
Second Law of Thermodynamics (1850). R.J.E.

Clausius stated the law of entropy: All systems will tend
toward the most mathematically probable state, and eventually
become totally random and disorganized (*Harold
Blum, Time’s Arrow and Evolution, 1968, p. 201). In other
words, everything runs down, wears out, and goes to
pieces (*R.R. Kindsay, “Physics: to What Extent is it Deterministic,”
American Scientist 56, 1968, p. 100). This
law totally eliminates the basic evolutionary theory that
simple evolves into complex. *Einstein said the two laws
were the most enduring laws he knew of (*Jeremy Rifkin,
Entropy: A New World View, 1980, p. 6).
Guadeloupe Woman Found (1812). This is a wellauthenticated
discovery which has been in the British Museum
for over a century. A fully modern human skeleton
was found in the French Caribbean island of Guadeloupe
inside an immense slab of limestone, dated by modern geologists
at 28 million years old. (More examples could be
cited.) Human beings, just like those living today (but
sometimes larger), have been found in very deep levels
of strata.
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) was a creationist who
lived and worked near Brunn (now Brno), Czechoslovakia.
He was a science and math teacher. Unlike the theorists,
Mendel was a true scientist. He bred garden peas and
studied the results of crossing various varieties. Beginning
his work in 1856, he concluded it within eight years.
In 1865, he reported his research in the Journal of the Brunn
Society for the Study of Natural Science. The journal was
distributed to 120 libraries in Europe, England, and
America. Yet his research was totally ignored by the scientific
community until it was rediscovered in 1900 (*R.A.
Fisher, “Has Mendel’s Work Been Rediscovered?” Annals
of Science, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1936). His experiments
clearly showed that one species could not transmute
into another one. A genetic barrier existed that could
not be bridged. Mendel’s work laid the basis for modern
genetics, and his discoveries effectively destroyed
Brief History of Evolutionary Theory 19
the basis for species evolution (*Michael Pitman,
Adam and Evolution, 1984, pp. 63-64).


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